1.Subserosal Fibroids

Subserosal fibroids typically develop on the outer uterine wall and grow outward, putting pressure on the surrounding organs. Subserosal fibroids do not usually include abnormal or excessive menstrual bleeding or interfere with a woman’s typical menstrual flow but instead cause pelvic pain and pressure. Depending on the severity and the location, they can also cause other complications.

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2.Intramural Fibroids

The most common type of fibroids, intramural fibroid tumors typically develop within the uterine wall. When an intramural fibroid tumor expands, it tends to make the uterus feel larger than normal, which can sometimes be mistaken for pregnancy or weight gain.

Other common symptoms of intramural fibroids are excessive menstrual bleeding and prolonged menstrual cycles, cramps and pelvic pain due to increased clot passing, and the fibroid’s pressure on surrounding organs. Fibroid pressure can also cause frequent urination.

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Causes

  • Estrogen and progesterone are two hormones produced by the ovaries. These hormones spur fibroid growth. Increased hormone levels can cause fibroids to grow.
  • Fibroids may run in the family. If your mother, sister, or grandmother has a history of this condition, you may develop it as well.
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3.Submucosal Fibroids

The least common type of fibroids, submucosal fibroids develop just under the lining of the uterine cavity. Some of these growths are asymptomatic while others cause severe symptoms, including excessively heavy menstrual bleeding, prolonged menstruation, and increased passing of clots.

Untreated, prolonged, or excessive bleeding can cause more complicated problems such as anemia or fatigue and even a need for blood transfusions. Large submucosal fibroid tumors may increase the size of the uterus cavity and can block the fallopian tubes, which can cause complications with fertility.

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4.Pedunculated Fibroids

Submucosal or subserosal fibroids are said to be pedunculated when they grow on a stalk. The stalk can twist and cause pain or pressure in addition to other symptoms associated with these tumors.

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Causes

  • Estrogen and progesterone are two hormones produced by the ovaries. These hormones spur fibroid growth. Increased hormone levels can cause fibroids to grow.
  • Fibroids may run in the family. If your mother, sister, or grandmother has a history of this condition, you may develop it as well.
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