Uterine Fibroid Tumors and Their Symptoms
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths that develop in the uterus. These benign tumors develop from normal uterus muscle cells that start growing abnormally into masses that are usually benign. Fibroids can vary in size from microscopic to several inches in diameter. A woman may have one or more types of fibroids. It is also common for a patient to have multiple fibroid tumors, and sometimes it might be difficult to understand which ones are causing her symptoms. Uterine fibroids may also be referred to as myoma, leiomyoma, leiomyomata, and fibromyoma.
Some of these tumors don’t produce any symptoms at all, while others can cause debilitating symptoms that disrupt the patient's everyday life and affect a woman’s overall sense of wellbeing.
Symptoms of fibroid tumors may include:
- Persistent pain or pressure in your pelvic area, back or legs
- Constipation and bloating
- Difficult or frequent urination
- Painful, heavy or prolonged menstrual periods
- Fatigue or low energy
- Painful intercourse or loss of interest in sex
You may not think of fibroids as the cause when you’re in pain. View our Symptoms Checker and take a quick questionnaire to determine if you need to see a gynecologist specializing in fibroids.
The typical fibroid sufferer is normally a woman of childbearing age, but fibroids can occur at any age. Risk factors and causes of fibroid tumors can be difficult to pinpoint, but research and experience indicate:
- Family history of fibroids
- Use of certain birth control hormones
- An overproduction in estrogen
Estrogen and progesterone are hormones that prepare your body for pregnancy. They stimulate the growth of the lining of your uterus. While these hormones don’t cause fibroids, they do seem to speed up their growth. Using hormones as birth control can increase your risk of fibroid bleeding.
African-American, Asian and Hispanic women have a higher likelihood of developing fibroids. These women typically develop them at an earlier age than other ethnic groups. Studies have shown that the risk of developing fibroids is three times higher for African-American women than for Caucasian women.
Consultation and Diagnosis
One of the leading procedures we at VIVA EVE suggest for fibroid symptom relief is uterine fibroid embolization (UFE), a minimally invasive nonsurgical option for the fibroids of the uterus. Even though the UFE procedure is what we specialize in, our fibroid specialists will only recommend fibroid treatment options that are appropriate based on each patient's medical case and unique circumstances.
Most of our patients who are eligible for UFE choose to have this very effective and safe procedure. For patients who are not good candidates for UFE or choose not to explore that option, VIVA EVE offers a full range of both minimally invasive and surgical treatments for their symptomatic fibroids.
The fibroid specialists at VIVA EVE are uniquely qualified in diagnosing and treating fibroid tumors. You can come in for a consultation to discuss your symptoms and risk factors with our caring staff. An accurate diagnosis is critical to the success of your treatment. Your fibroid doctor uses the following to confirm your diagnosis:
- A routine pelvic exam
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Treatment Options in Forest Hills
VIVA EVE's state-of-the-art center for uterine fibroids has the latest technology to help our experienced fibroid specialists to make a correct diagnosis and to suggest the best course of treatment.Our uterine fibroid specialists will discuss with you the best surgical and non-surgical treatment options.
- Non-surgical options include hormone medications that target progesterone and estrogen to reduce the size of your fibroids. While this doesn’t eliminate the tumors entirely, the medications can shrink the tumor enough to provide relief of your symptoms.
- Another non-surgical option includes is a uterine fibroid embolization. This minimally invasive procedure is performed in your NYC fibroid center under moderate anesthesia. By blocking the blood supply to the fibroid tumor, an embolization reduces the size of the tumor and dramatically reduces your symptoms without surgery.
The most common surgical procedures include:
- Endometrial ablation, a procedure that destroys the endometrium – the lining of your uterus – with the goal of reducing your menstrual flow.
- Myomectomy is a surgical procedure used to remove fibroids, noncancerous tumors that grow in or on the muscle lining of the uterus. Since it does not involve the full removal of the uterus, in many cases this particular procedure helps preserve or improve the woman’s fertility.
- Hysterectomy is a major operation that’s only recommended if other treatment options have been unsuccessful and no other method would work for the patient's specific symptoms.
Together with your doctor, you will discuss the available options and create a treatment plan. Once you receive treatment, your prognosis will vary. Women who undergo uterine fibroid embolization experience symptoms that begin to subside over a period of a few months or sooner. Women who have surgery to remove the fibroids, begin to feel much better once they have recovered from the surgery, typically within four to six weeks.
If you are searching for “a fibroid specialist near me,” the VIVA EVE fibroid treatment center will most likely be one the first results you will see. The best fibroid doctors in NYC that are part of the VIVA EVE team believe you should not have to live with the pain, discomfort, and inconvenience of fibroid symptoms.