Unlike fibroids, which are non-cancerous abnormal growths in your uterus, polyps can become cancerous if you don’t treat them. Uterine polyps grow out of the tissue lining your uterus (the endometrium), and they can have a negative effect on your attempts to get pregnant. Come in to VIVA EVE fibroid center in NYC for a thorough diagnosis and effective polyps removal treatment, no matter what the medical issue is. Get the pain relief you need in the safe, reassuring hands of the best fibroid specialists NYC.
Uterine polyps grow from abnormal endometrial tissue. They often appear as small, flat, soft, red, bulb-shaped bumps or tiny mushroom-like stalks on the interior wall of your uterus. While many polyps remain smaller than a half-inch, they can grow as big as a lime or even a grapefruit. You should seek a diagnosis from a fibroid specialist NYC because polyps and fibroids can be misdiagnosed. Consulting a fibroid expert like VIVA EVE is important when medical conditions are similar and hard for non-experts to distinguish.
Studies show that about 2% of all polyps become malignant or cancerous. While uterine polyps are usually benign, they have the potential to become malignant if left untreated. Your fibroid doctor at VIVA EVE in New York City may discover you have one polyp or several. Polyps can accompany uterine fibroids, which differ from polyps because fibroids grow from uterine muscle tissue instead of uterine lining tissue. A biopsy can usually indicate whether precancerous cells are present.
Causes and Risk Factors
Studies show that about 25% of women experience uterine polyps and their accompanying symptoms. Although a precise cause for polyps is not known, indications of inflammation and excessive estrogen often occur simultaneously in women who experience polyps. Other risk factors include:
- Age of 50 or being post-menopause
- Being overweight or obese
- High blood pressure
- Taking the drug tamoxifen, which is used to treat breast cancer
- History of breast, ovary, endometrial, or colon cancer
Your uterine fibroid specialist in New York City knows how to diagnose and treat your uterine polyps to minimize their impact on your busy life. The staff at the VIVA EVE fibroid treatment center can help you understand your options for treating polyps and, if you have them also, can inform you about fibroid treatment options. Every woman is different, and so are you. The treatment that’s right for you is out there, and VIVA EVE can help you find a path that fits you and your life.
Symptoms of Uterine Polyps
Uterine polyps present several possible symptoms that can range from mild to severe. Pain depends on the polyp size and the level of irritation to your surrounding tissue. Symptoms often mimic those of fibroids and can include:
- Irregular menstrual bleeding
- Bleeding between periods
- Vaginal bleeding
- Bleeding after intercourse
- Bleeding after menopause
- Very heavy bleeding in general
If a polyp forms near a fallopian tube, the pressure can obstruct the tube, stopping your eggs from entering your uterus. This situation may create infertility issues. Polyps may cause miscarriages in some cases. Many of these symptoms overlap with more severe conditions. Seek the best treatment for fibroids and polyps for you at the VIVA EVE fibroid clinic. Your fibroid doctor can determine the exact cause of your symptoms.
Diagnosing the Polyps
If your fibroid specialist in New York City suspects polyps as the cause of your symptoms, diagnosis follows as the second step. The first step involves a thorough physical exam and discussion of your medical history. Your fibroid doctor may recommend an ultrasound to detect larger masses on your uterus.
Other options include a hysterosalpingographam (HSG) or a saline sonohysterogram, which involve filling your uterus with either dye or saline, respectively, and then using imaging technology to observe your uterus. These tests make polyps easier to observe and detect. Normally, your muscle flattens the uterus. Filling it with liquid helps your fibroid specialist observe any changes or malformations in the uterus or its lining that may be present.
In most cases, you will not receive a definite diagnosis until you get a hysteroscopy. Using a thin telescope inserted into your uterine cavity, your fibroid specialist can observe your uterus directly to help see and detect any abnormalities.
Polyp and Fibroid Treatment Options
Your treatment depends on several factors, including the number and size of your polyps. Another factor is whether a biopsy has revealed the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells. Your fibroid specialist may choose some combination of the following for the best way to treat fibroids and polyps:
- Progestin or gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists — these medications help regulate and balance your hormones
- Surgical removal during a hysteroscopy, usually through a small slender tube
- Curettage — inserting a long, metal instrument into your uterus to cut away abnormal growths
- A hysterectomy may be an appropriate treatment for you if your symptoms are severe, if you’re past child-bearing age, or if a biopsy indicates the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells
If polyps are small and removed via curettage or a hysteroscopy, you’re often able to return to normal activities within a few days. Hysterectomies take between six and eight weeks for recovery, depending on the specific method used.
An Ounce of Prevention
Certain lifestyle changes may keep polyps from recurring. Practicing good health habits helps minimize uterine polyps and their resulting symptoms. Good habits include:
- A healthy diet of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to provide key nutrients to your hormone-regulating organs
- Regular exercise to maintain good cardiovascular health and weight control
- Cessation of tobacco consumption
- Reduction in the amount of alcohol consumed
Your fibroid specialist can help you address any uterine symptoms that adversely affect your health or your lifestyle, and also teach you about how to ease any pregnancy concerns. Visit VIVA EVE for a full evaluation.